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I am never so busy as in my leisure hours. Cicero

Leisure without spiritual pursuits is the death of man. A. Schopenhauer

Leisure is a set of activities aimed at satisfying the physical, spiritual and social needs of people in their free time and related mainly to recreation and entertainment: reading, games, dancing, visiting cultural institutions and mass spectacles, Amateur activities, physical education and sports. Capitalist society often rated free time very positively, since “free time” included costs on the part of the population, and this improved the country’s economy. More importance was given to rich people, since rich people could afford more free time and consequently they spent more money.

“Workaholics” are people who sacrifice their free time for work. They prefer to work rather than relax. Many expect to achieve career heights by sacrificing free time. Some people prefer to work in a suburban area or any other productive activity. Everyone has the right to use their free time depending on their needs, individual characteristics and capabilities. Everyone has free time or leisure. In different quantities and quality, of course,but there must be.

There are individual types of free time usage 1. Creative type-the main property of the type is the choice of such activities, which are aimed at creating and copying the subject, for self-affirmation in a particular creative act.

2.​​Cultural-consumer type-increasing spiritual culture, visiting museums, libraries, and other activities.

3. Recreational type — types of recreational recreation, such as fishing, Hiking, dancing, and others. Asocial-hedonistic type-the implementation of free time, which combines various activities that have a low or negative moral assessment.

Leisure is necessary both for recreation and for personal development, to meet the need for entertainment and communication. In the narrow sense of the word, leisure is understood as recreation and entertainment: visiting cultural institutions and mass spectacles, games, dancing, reading, etc.in the broad sense of the word, recreation and entertainment cover a wider range of activities, including creative and Amateur activities, physical education and sports. The list of activities includes at least 40 types of activities: creative and Amateur activities, use of mass media, visiting cultural institutions and entertainment, communication, physical education and sports, passive recreation and other activities.


1.Active leisure

2.Passive leisure.

The first type is associated with active (both physical and mental) activities, various activities such as playing, singing, constructing, sports, etc.

The second type is associated with passive types of pastimes, when a person acts as a passive spectator, “consumer” of cultural values, or with doing nothing. Passive forms of leisure have recently become widespread. This was facilitated by the development of television and information media…

Taking into account the psychomotor features of children’s development, it is necessary to use active types of free time as much as possible in working with children. But it is necessary to take into account physical development and health. And most importantly, the interests of children.

Organized leisure not only brings great benefits, but is also a must. Especially for an only child who has no opportunity to communicate with other children. As well as children with whom parents are difficult to cope for any reason. In the process of joint leisure, the child is socialized. Introducing a child to life in modern society. Mastering the norms of behavior. Familiarization with the culture and history of your family, hometown, country, and the world community. All types of gaming activities. Excursions to museums, visiting exhibitions. Walking in the Park. Excursions to the zoo. Various types of productive activities. Sports activities and sports Trips to the theater. Seasonal vacation at the sea, dacha…. And other leisure activities…

The first caregiver is the mother, the family. It is necessary to remember that better than any story or consideration is a clear example and action. And you, the PARENTS, are a role model! You are the closest environment for your child. Expanding the child’s horizons depends on you. Depends on the development of his mental, physical and intellectual abilities. Family and immediate environment: polyclinic and other social services. objects, kindergarten, school and other educational institutions, objects of cultural significance

It should be remembered that every child of preschool age needs the company of children of his age not only for games and entertainment, but also for full development in society. Help the child to be sociable, provide him with children’s society. Be friendly and hospitable to the child’s friends when they bring them to visit. Prepare for the child everything that could enrich their spiritual world. Teach preschool children skills such as drawing, reading poetry, singing, and dancing in their free time. Teach your child to visit the library to instill a love of reading. Spend as much time with your child as possible. Walking in the Park, visiting attractions, and funny stories bring parents and children together. Go out with your families on picnics, excursions, go to the movies, invite your children’s friends with you. Do not interfere, and even help to find an interesting hobby, such as collecting any items. Limit TV viewing. It is better to offer to listen to audio fairy tales, they will help to form children’s auditory attention.

Leisure planning is necessary.3 stages of preparation for the activity.

Choose a place or object for leisure activities. (it is important to take into account the desire of the child) Clearly develop the purpose of the event. Agree. If necessary, get an initial knowledge of the place or upcoming activity. Discuss rules for safe behavior. Prepare the necessary materials. Good health is very important for a child. Therefore, compliance with the daily routine is necessary. Take care of the drinking regime and nutrition (if necessary, take first aid equipment with you).
During leisure activities. it is necessary to follow the planned plan. To give an opportunity to the research activities of the child. Show your child an example of behavior in public places. Focusing on the generally accepted norms of behavior and their significance. Give the child independence in finding the answer (if there is one), but at the same time adjust their behavior ( if necessary)
After spending leisure time. Consolidate the knowledge and experience of children to talk about the weekend spent. View postcards and photos. Remember the most vivid events. Suggest that the child reflect the event in the drawing or modeling. Create a book or album about the past weekend. Discuss the significance of the event with your child. Ask what the child would like to do next. What interested him.
“Educational travel” is one of the leisure activities.

Saint Petersburg is an “open-air Museum”. Admiralteysky district is one of the first districts of the city. We were lucky. We live in the historical center of the city. The accessibility and cultural value of the objects is undeniable. Walking does not require a large investment. But they are very important for the development of your children. Walking around the city stimulates children’s cognitive activity and increases their physical endurance. Here are some topics for weekend walks. Literary: “Sadovaya Street” (K. Chukovsky); “Krylov’s grandfather’s House” and “a Walk in the summer garden” (Krylov); According to the memorable places of Alexander Pushkin.(before the walk, you can read and discuss the work, arouse interest in the author, tell the child about the life and work of the writer, that he lived in our city. «Pushkin library». Forming a complete picture of the world: “the House where I live”, “the Copper horseman”,”Yusupov Park – the venue for the first figure skating competitions”. “The cathedrals of our district”, “Colorful bridge”. “Haymarket square yesterday and today”. “Railway in Russia” (railway transport Museum). And much more.

Take your child for a walk. Consider the beauty of the Park, the Palace, and the photos taken during your walk. Photos will refresh the child’s memory, allow him to remember the events of the past weekend more vividly, and help him choose a topic for joint activities with the child.

Joint activities will bring joy to the child. Drawing and modeling. Applications and crafts of various types will help in the development of the child.

Impressions of the trip can be arranged in the form of a book of memories. All this will expand the child’s horizons. To enrich it with new knowledge.

Crosswords, literary quizzes, games with pictures such as “Find a fairy tale”, ” from which fairy tale the hero..”they will help to diversify your leisure time and consolidate your child’s knowledge.


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