What should a therapeutic fairy tale be?
For each age — its own heroes. Children 3-4 years old will be suitable stories about little people or animals, toys. Children from the age of 5 already need fairy tales about fairies, princes, and various wizards. Teenagers are most suitable for parables or household tales.
A fairy tale should have a clear plot.
String. Here we get to know the characters and the environment.
Raising a fairy tale: how to choose the right fairy tale and how to tell itthe expected event, the designation of the hero’s problem. For example, a bad act of the character or an act towards him. This may be an unforeseen situation that the characters will have to cope with.
The way to solve the problem, the heroes ‘ attempts to cope with difficulties. Attempts may be accompanied by difficulties. It is worth considering the environment that can contribute to creating a mood. For example, it may be rain or even a hurricane.
The culmination of the heroes solve all difficulties. It is worth noting that the difficulties should be solved only through the prudence of the characters, their efforts (this may be getting rid of a bad habit).
Positive outcome. It is very important, all the characters should be happy, and they should understand how to behave correctly. It is not necessary to “offend” even the worst characters with a bad ending.
Moral of the tale. How the characters understood the reason for the difficulties, what are the further options for the development of events.
The plot of a fairy tale should resemble a problematic situation, but not repeat it completely. In other words, the characters must have different names, and the situation must not completely correspond to the real one.
As psychologists say, with the help of a fairy tale, a substitute experience should be offered, through which the child will make his own decision. And the child with the help of the information received should” by default ” understand the situation and know who is right and who is to blame. This effect is achieved only with the help of a properly constructed plot.
The hero must match the child’s age and temperament, and even a fairyland must remind the child of the environment in which he lives. The baby should recognize himself and the environment, but not understand completely that this is it.
The experiences of the hero who needs to be artificially directed to change the hero should be understandable to the child. You can even think of a whole group of beings who are in a difficult situation, and give them the right instructions that will eventually lead to a happy change.
How do I tell stories?
When reading or telling a story, it is necessary to accurately convey emotions and feelings. You need to learn to use your voice to accurately Express any emotions. This is sadness, or delight, or uncertainty.
Do not stand too long pauses, if the pause still occurred, you need to play the story in its favor. Or you need to prepare the fairy tale in advance, in which you are well-oriented.
Do not” on a platter ” present the child with a solution to the problem. The child should not listen to a fairy tale as a rule, should not give precise “settings” of behavior, should not also” on the go ” give their assessment of the actions of the characters, especially in the form of “resonant” replicas.
How do I fix the effect?
A well-chosen and read bedtime story is not a complete list of” fairy-tale therapy ” techniques. There are several interesting activities that not only strengthen the effect, but also develop creative abilities.
You can draw a fairy tale (the next day or immediately after listening to it). Preferably with pencils or gouache.
A fairy tale can be made. This class is suitable for group therapy. According to the color scheme, you can determine the degree of influence of the fairy tale on the child. Rich colors Express intense emotions and feelings.A fairy tale can be sewn or made from improvised materials. Recreate the character of a fairy tale, voice it and, placing it in various problematic situations, find different solutions.
When playing with a fairy tale embodied in the material, the voice must be adapted to the internal characteristics of the character, and every movement and action of the character is also important.
You can even make a fairy tale out of sand! To do this, you must have a tray with dry or wet sand. Here it is important to feel the experience “clothed” in tactile form.
There is a special form of skazkoterapii — the so-called “katatelny approach to the tale”, the essence of which is that by using psychological techniques is full “participation” of the child in the tale, however, this method has many contraindications:
acute and chronic psychosis or its antecedent condition;
lack of motivation;
cerebral organic syndromes;
insufficient intellectual development.
A fairy tale is not only a powerful educational tool, but also a way to achieve trust and find a common language between a child and a parent or a child and a teacher.
It is necessary to remember that fairy tales should be selected in accordance with age and existing problems in education, age problems. The rest is decided only by parental love and imagination!